New Left Party in Philippines Seeks Power for the Masses

By Peter Boyle. More than a thousand people, including 920 elected delegates, attended the inaugural congress of Partido Lakas ng Masa (Power of the Masses Party) in Manila on January 30, 2009. They represented the mass organizations of workers, urban poor, peasants, students, street vendors, jeepney and tricycle drivers, women and senior citizens – a mass base estimated at 300,000 according to PLM leaders.

The slogan “PLM: A new party for our time, a party of change, a party of socialism” set a confident tone for the congress, which adopted a target of one million members in Manila and two million in the country as a whole by 2010 (when presidential elections are due).

Sonny Melencio, who was elected chairperson of the PLM, describes the new party as a “combination mass movement and electoral party” that was inspired by the recent Latin American experiences that have put into power progressive and socialist parties in countries like Venezuela and Bolivia.

“We are trying to build a mass party that can lead an uprising as well as engage in elections,” he said.

“The socialist victories in Latin America were not simply victories in the ballot boxes. Those electoral victories were preceded by popular uprisings that mobilized millions of people. During the elections, these uprisings were transformed into giant mobilizations, but the mobilizations are also continuing in an ongoing process of building new institutions of popular power.”

The PLM congress adopted a Platform of the Masses, a transitional program aimed at the “dismantling of the rotten capitalist system and its replacement by socialism.”

This program consists of key demands around economic and political reforms that the party will campaign for. The program includes the nationalization of basic industries and services, such as electricity, oil, and water; the provision of basic needs of the masses, such as land, decent housing, education, jobs, and health; and the establishment of a genuine government of the masses.

Popular power

“But the political aspect of the program is crucial,” Melencio told Green Left Weekly in an extensive interview (see http://links.org.au/node/893 for video of the full interview). “We want to put power into the hands of the masses. This has to happen from below through the transformation of barangay (neighbourhood) councils into barangay assemblies that can institute alternative structures to replace the congress that is dominated by the trapo (traditional politician) elite.

“The masses are tired of a system where successive people’s uprisings, such as EDSA I and EDSA II which changed nothing. EDSA III was a failure and led by another trapo, “Erap” [Joseph Estrada], who wanted to return to power. [See note on EDSA uprisings at the end of this article - SV]

“We don’t want another EDSA where ‘people’s power’ is hijacked by the elite. So we need an uprising that is heading by the masa themselves and crowned by the institution of a government of the masa.”

The forces that launched the PLM came out of an experience in a broad collation of the left called Laban ng Masa (Struggle of the Masses). This alliance including most of the left except the sections associated by the Communist Party of the Philippines, a significant force that holds on to a sectarian approach to the rest of the left, according to Melencio.

This alliance operated on consensus and, unfortunately, there was no consensus on how to relate to important issues such as the Moro struggle for self-determination, the rebel soldiers movement, and the commitment of serious resources to building the alliance at all levels, especially at the grassroots, according to Melencio.

“So we decided to form a party that could do this grassroots organizing among the masses, to mobilize them in the streets and in elections too. However, we are still pursuing left regroupment and the PLM has an inclusive approach.”

Melencio hopes that some other groups from Laban ng Masa might join the PLM in the next few months. 

Well-known leaders of the broader left, including president of the University of the Philippines and Laban ng Masa chairperson Dr. Francisco Nemenzo, former Akbayan Congress representative Etta Rosales, current Akbayan Congress representative Risa Hontiveros, and Ric Reyes delivered greetings to the PLM congress in person.

Rebel soldiers movement

The major alliance the PLM is building is with the military rebels. Melencio has been visiting the rebel military leaders in detention and discussing the possibility of them joining the PLM. Some have already expressed their willingness to join or support the PLM. The PLM congress received a message of support from imprisoned Brigadier-General Danilo Lim, a widely respected leader of the rebel soldiers movement

“Some of the military rebel groups are in full agreement with the PLM platform. In fact the platform of the PLM is based on a platform put forward by the Young Officers Union for New Government (YOUNG),” said Melencio.

“They asked us to comment on it, during the days of Laban ng Masa, and we developed it into the Platform of the Masses. We have some more things to discuss, including how to explain socialism to the ranks of the soldiers.”

Melencio said that some of the rebel soldiers had been studying the Venezuelan revolution and reading about Hugo Chavez and “Socialism for the 21st century.” The PLM has been discussing putting forward Brigadier-General Lim as its presidential candidate in 2010.

There were international observers at the PLM inaugural congress from the Japan Confederation of Railway Workers Union, the Sweden’s Left Party, the Democratic Socialist Perspective of Australia, and the Ceylon Bank Employees Union. Solidarity greetings were presented from these groups and other international parties, including the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM), Papernas from Indonesia, and Partido Obrero Revolucionario (POR, Spain), which emailed greetings.

Peter Boyle is national secretary of the Democratic Socialist Perspective (Australia). He attended the PLM congress as an international observer. See his greetings to the Laban ng Masa convention, at http://links.org.au/node/893. This article is reprinted with permission from Links: Internatinal Journal of Socialist Renewal (links.org.au/node/893).

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Note on EDSA Uprisings: EDSA (Epifanio de los Santos Avenue), a broad 24-km road  circling Manila, capital of the Philippines, was the site of major demonstrations instrumental in the toppling of presidents Ferdinand Marcos (February 1986) and Joseph Estrada (January 2001), termed EDSA I and EDSA II. Neither uprising achieved any significant shift in power to the Filipino people. In April 2001, supporters of Estrada rallied in an unsuccessful effort to oust President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, an event often termed EDSA III. -Socialist Voice